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As per the study of a Global report, in the G-20 Nations from 1998-2017 on an average there are about 16000 deaths and economic losses of $142 billion every year. In this list, India has had the highest number of deaths and financial losses.
Role Of NDC?
As a part of Paris Agreements targets, all the 20 countries had submitted a NDC(Nationally Determined Contribution) to the UN climate body. In this report, the G-20 had made climate action goals after looking into ways to reduce emission covering 80 indicators on the impact of climate.
Report says “India has the most ambitious NDC compared to its fair share of global emissions to limit global warming to 1.5 degree celsius. However, India still needs to act now to prepare sectors for stringent emission reductions,"
Findings Of The Report
No 1 : As per the Brown to Green Report 2019, there is a temperature rise of 1.5 degree celsius and among all the G-20 countries, India is close to it.
No 2 : The change in climate impacts resources such as water, health and the agricultural sectors.
No 3 : South Korea, Canada and Australia are not on track with the NDC, reports say.
No 4 - Among the G-20 nations, CO2 emission rised in all sectors in 2018 and building sector being the highest in comparison to 2017
No 5 - Brazil and Germany have good renewable strategies and India is investing in renewable energy. Reports quoted “ Brazil leads with 82.5% renewables and Saudi Arabia, South Korea and South Africa lag behind with shares of only 0-5%”
Alvaro Umana, co-chair of climate transparency and Costa Rica, the environment and energy former, say that the countries in G-20 aim to have a better target in the emission reduction and they aim to stick by what they promised in the Paris Agreement.
By Neha Makhija